An overview of membrane transport proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Authors

  • Bruno André

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et de Génétique des Levures, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP244, Bld. du Triomphe, B-1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
    • Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et de Génétique des Levures, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP244, Bld. du Triomphe, B-1050 Bruxelles, Belgium; Tel.: 32-2-6505411; Fax 32-2-6505421
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Abstract

All eukaryotic cells contain a wide variety of proteins embedded in the plasma and internal membranes, which ensure transmembrane solute transport. It is now established that a large proportion of these transport proteins can be grouped into families apparently conserved throughout organisms. This article presents the data of an in silicio analysis aimed at establishing a preliminary classification of membrane transport proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This analysis was conducted at a time when about 65% of all yeast genes were available in public databases. In addition to ∼60 transport proteins whose function was at least partially known, ∼100 deduced protein sequences of unknown function display significant sequence similarity to membrane transport proteins characterized in yeast and/or other organisms. While some protein families have been well characterized by classical genetic experimental approaches, others have largely if not totally escaped characterization. The proteins revealed by this in silicio analysis also include a putative K+ channel, proteins similar to aquaporins of plant and animal origin, proteins similar to Na+-solute symporters, a protein very similar to electroneural cation-chloride co-transporters, and a putative Na+-H+ antiporter. A new research area is anticipated: the functional analysis of many transport proteins whose existence was revealed by genome sequencing.

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