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Keywords:

  • Mesocrystals;
  • Non-classical crystallisation;
  • Europium;
  • Fluorine;
  • Crystal growth

Abstract

Europium(III) fluoride mesocrystals were synthesised in an organic matrix. This matrix is a gel formed by Eu3+ ions and a polycarboxylate/sulfonate copolymer, ACUSOL 588G. In the gel phase, the local amount of europium ions is very high since Eu3+ acts as a crosslinker, and crystallisation occurs upon addition of F. Nucleated seed crystals in the gel phase grow by further ion attachment and form mesocrystals by mutual orientation of the EuF3 particles in the gel. We propose a dipole field as reason for this alignment and that the dipolar character of the particles originates from adsorption of the polyelectrolyte on charged crystal faces.