Through low-temperature synthesis in CsOH flux, lanthanum cuprate La2CuO4 can be obtained in a metastable form, the so-called T′ modification (tetragonal, I4/mmm, no. 139, a = 400.95(2) pm, c = 1254.08(7) pm). When heated, this T′ phase transforms into a K2NiF4-type modification, whose crystal structure was now refined from X-ray powder data (tetragonal, I4/mmm, no. 139, a = 383.29(3) pm, c = 1331.3(2) pm at T = 1073 K). The well-known orthorhombic phase (s.g. Cmce, no. 64, a = 536.14(3) pm, b = 1315.53(8) pm, c = 540.20(3) pm) – usually obtained via conventional solid state synthesis – was observed to form upon cooling from the K2NiF4-type modification. High-temperature powder diffractometry allowed crystal structure refinements for all of the three phases.