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Keywords:

  • Copper;
  • Indium;
  • Phosphate;
  • Single-crystal structure;
  • Phase diagrams;
  • Solid state reaction;
  • Thermal analysis

Abstract

The system CuO/In2O3/P2O5 has been investigated using solid state reaction between CuO, In2O3 and (NH4)2HPO4 in silica glass crucibles at 900 °C. The powder samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis and FT-IR spectroscopy. Orange single crystals of the new quaternary phase were achieved by the process of crystallization with mineralizers in sealed silica glass ampoules. They were then analyzed with EDX and single-crystal X-ray analysis in which the composition Cu8In8P4O30 with the triclinic space group Pequation image (No 2) with a = 7,2429(14) Å, b = 8,8002(18) Å, c = 10,069(2) Å, α = 103,62(3)°, β = 106,31(3)°, γ = 101,55(3)° and Z = 1 was found. The three-dimensional framework consists of [InO6] octahedra and distorted [CuO6] octahedra, overcaped [InO7] prisms and [PO4] tetrahedra, also trigonal [(CuIn)O5] bipyramids and distorted [(CuIn)O6] octahedra, where copper and indium are partly exchanged against each other. Cu8In8P4O30 exhibits an incongruent melting point at 1023 °C.