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On Aliovalent Substitution on the Li Site in LiMPO4: an ­X-ray Diffraction Study of the Systems LiMPO4–M1.5PO4 (= LixM1.5–x/2PO4; M = Ni, Co, Fe, Mn)

Authors

  • Oliver Clemens,

    Corresponding author
    1. Universität des Saarlandes, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbrücken, Germany
    2. Present address: TU Darmstadt, Joint Research Laboratory Nanomaterials, Petersenstraße 32, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany, and KIT, Institut für Nanotechnologie, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
    • Universität des Saarlandes, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbrücken, Germany, Fax: +49-6151-16 6335

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  • Robert Haberkorn,

    1. Universität des Saarlandes, Anorganische Festkörperchemie, Am Markt, Zeile 3, 66125 Saarbrücken, Germany
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  • Michael Springborg,

    1. Universität des Saarlandes, Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Campus B2 2, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
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  • Horst Philipp Beck

    1. Universität des Saarlandes, Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie und Radiochemie, Am Markt, Zeile 5, 66125 Saarbrücken, Germany
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Abstract

In this paper we report on the possibility of Li substitution by M2+ to various high degrees in LiMPO4 olivine-type compounds (M = Ni, Co, Fe, Mn), depending on the kind of transition metal M. The experimental studies were carried through by reacting stoichiometric amounts of LiMIIPO4 and MII1.5PO4 (= MII3(PO4)2) to form compounds of composition LixMII1.5–x/2PO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). A complete solid solution over the whole range of x was found for M = Ni (together with a second order structural transition from orthorhombic to monoclinic for decreasing x), whereas far smaller degrees of dopability of the Li site were found for LiCoPO4 and LiFePO4 (up to compositions of approx. (Li0.8Co0.1)CoPO4 and approx. (Li0.9Fe0.05)FeO4. In addition, the nearly stoichiometric monoclinically distorted olivine-type compounds with compositions (Li0.42–0.47Co0.29–0.265)CoPO4 and (Li0.14–0.16Fe0.43–0.42)FePO4 could be identified and are described in this article.

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