The content of the large vacuoles present in chicken thrombocytes was analyzed by the use of cytochemical techniques which indicated the presence of basic proteins, unsaturated fatty acids, sugars rich in viccinal hydroxyl groups, linked to proteins or lipids and acid phosphatase. These substances perform one of the most conspicuous functions of these cells, which is phagocytosis. In addition, thrombocytes are committed to hemostasis. Both functions make these cells similar to human platelets, even though having different origins and morphologic characteristics. The large vacuoles described are connected to the open canalicular system (OCS) and together with other cellular structures they contribute to the endocytic system.