In vivo administration of HSPI (10.7 kDa FSH suppressing peptide of prostate) to intact adult male rats was found to suppress the basal levels of incorporation of 3H-thymidine into DNA of ventral and dorsolateral lobes of the prostate, in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, microscopic examination of the prostate histology of HSPI treated rats revealed a significantly increased incidence of apoptotic bodies which are indicative of cell death. In another experiment, HSPI was also found to suppress the active DNA synthesis in testosterone-induced regrowth of prostate in castrated rats. Thus HSPI can suppress the basal and stimulated DNA synthesis and also induce apoptotic cell death in rat prostate.