The mdx mouse has been used as an animal model for human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Unlike DMD, skeletal muscles of mdx mice undergo successful regeneration and do not show extensive fibrosis and functional impairment. Growth factors have been proposed to be involved in muscle growth and regeneration. We compared mitogenic activity for skeletal myoblasts released after injury in mdx and control mice, using crushed muscle extract (CME) as a model system. We found that CMEs from normal and mdx mice contained similar mitogenic activities per microgram protein, and produced similar maximal levels of mitogenic stimulation. Skeletal muscles from mdx mice, however, released higher amounts of CME protein per gram of muscle weight compared to controls, possibly as a result of histological or physiological alterations in mdx muscle tissue. Adequate mitogenic activity in CME from mdx muscles may be related to successful muscle regeneration in mdx mice.