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Keywords:

  • Intestine;
  • epithelial cells;
  • angiotensin receptors;
  • signal transduction;
  • mitogenesis

ABSTRACT

Like RIE-1 cells, two of the IEC series of rat intestinal epithelial cell lines were found to express functional angiotensin receptors. As in RIE-1 cells, treatment of IEC-6 or IEC-18 cells with angiotensin II (AII) activated phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) hydrolysis although (in contrast to RIE-1 cells) the magnitude of AII-induced PIP2 hydrolysis was small and not associated with a mitogenic response in either IEC cell line. In terms of their other functional responses to AII (activation of protein kinase C (PKC) and a small elevation of cyclic AMP), IEC-6 cells are otherwise similar to RIE-1 cells whereas IEC-18 cells exhibit some phenotypic differences to the other two cell types. Thus, whereas IEC-6 and RIE-1 cells each express the AT1 subtype of angiotensin receptor, the higher affinity receptors on IEC-18 cells are 'atypical', being insensitive to both AT1- and AT2-specific angiotensin receptor antagonists. Furthermore, in contrast to its effects in IEC-6 and RIE-1 cells, AII neither activates PKC nor modulates cyclic AMP levels in IEC-18 cells. Whereas IEC-18 cells express the myristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate (MARCKS), immunoreactive MARCKS was not detected in IEC-6 or RIE-1 cells.