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Keywords:

  • gene expression;
  • muscarinic acetylcholine receptor;
  • neurochemistry;
  • RT-PCR;
  • vestibular

Abstract

The expression of the five muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtypes (m1–m5) in the vestibular end-organs and in the primary afferent vestibular ganglia of the human and rat was studied using RT-PCR from the two tissue populations from both species. In the human, although all five mAChR subtypes were expressed in brain, only the m1, m2, and m5 mAChR subtypes were amplified from both the vestibular ganglia and the vestibular end-organs, while in the rat, all five mAChR subtypes were expressed. These data suggest that the efferent cholinergic axo-dendritic and axo-somatic synapses have a muscarinic component and that there are pharmacologic implications for patients with vestibular dysfunction.