The interaction of NO and O−2free radicals generated from PMA (phorbol myristate acetate)-stimulated PMN (polymorphonuclear leukocytes) was studied by a nitroxide spin trap, DMPO (5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-1-oxide). It was found that addition of L-arginine to the system would significantly decrease the trapped O−2by DMPO and addition of NG-monomethyl-arginine (NGMA) would significantly increase the trapped O−2by DMPO. It was proved that the formation of ONOO−by the reaction of NO and O−2was the main reason for the decrease of trapped O−2in the experiment with xanthine/xanthine oxidase and irradiation of riboflavin systems. The yield of NO during this process was calculated. The generation dynamic of NO was studied by a luminol-dependent chemiluminescence technique and it was found that after stimulation of PMN by PMA, there would be an immediate, significant chemi-luminescence, which came mainly from the active oxygen free radicals generated by PMN. If L-arginine was added to this system, the chemiluminescence would increase about 100-fold, but NGMA inhibited the increase of the chemiluminescence. Ten minutes after addition of L-arginine, this increase did not change, the chemiluminescence peak decreased gradually, but the half life increased. The ESR and chemiluminescence properties of NO and ONOO−synthesized were also studied in model systems.