• hst70;
  • hsp70;
  • transgenic mice;
  • RT-PCR;
  • rat tissues;
  • testis-specific


The hst70 gene which belongs to rat HSP70 multigene family is highly expressed in pachytene spermatocytes. Using a transgenic mice model it was found that the promoter of the rat hst70 gene directs the expression of the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) reporter gene not only to testis but also to multiple somatic tissues. In wild-type rats the expression of the hst70 gene in tissues other than testis was confirmed by non-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. Beside the testis, the CAT expression in transgenic mice and the hst70 gene transcripts in wild-type rats were found in brain, pituitary, epididymis, vas deferens, adrenals, spleen, lung, ovary, oviduct and uterus. The only tissue in which both the CAT expression and the hst70 gene activity has not been found was the liver. These observations suggest possibly more universal, not confined to spermatogenesis, function of the hst70 gene.