• peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor;
  • thiazolidinedione;
  • preadipocyte;
  • adipocyte differentiation;
  • skeletal muscle

To investigate the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in adipocyte formation within the skeletal muscle of beef cattle, fibroblast-like cells were isolated from the longissimus muscle of cattle and cultured with activators of murine PPARγA thiazolidinedione T-174, which is a specific ligand for PPARγ, stimulated adipose differentiation (evaluated by counting differentiated adipocytes under microscopic observation) in a dose-dependent fashion. A peroxisome proliferator Wy14,643 which strongly activates the α isoform of murine PPAR also stimulated differentiation but its potency was weaker than that of T-174. Unexpectedly, 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2, which is believed to be an endogenous ligand for PPARγ, could not induce adipose differentiation in doses which have been found to be effective on rodent cells. Immunoblotting analysis confirmed the significant expression of PPARγ protein in fibroblast-like cell cultures prepared from bovine skeletal muscle. In conclusion, bovine skeletal muscle contains adipose precursor cells expressing functionally active PPARγ.