We studied the effects of in vitro treatment of differentiating osteogenic cells with FMS*Calciumfluor, to determine whether it caused changes in proliferative or differentiation potential of osteoblasts. FMS*Calciumfluor was developed for the therapy of post-menopausal and age-related osteoporosis on the basis of the principles of resonance homeopathy and VTR Vega test. Its daily prescribed therapeutical usage is about 30,000-fold less in fluoride concentration than that recommended for NaF associated with calcium monophosphate. Rat tibial osteoblast (ROB) primary cultures represent populations of early osteoblasts and their derivative cultures of more than 60 cumulative population doubling (CPD) represent more mature osteogenic cells. Both these populations were shown to undergo in vitro differentiation, as monitored by the sequential expression of markers that define the stages of the osteogenic progression. Here we report that continual treatment of ROB during osteogenesis with FMS*Calciumfluor modulated the expression of critical osteogenic markers: alkaline phosphatase (AP), an indicator of osteoblast maturation, and45Ca incorporation into the matrix and nodule formation, events of the last phase of osteogenesis and a measure of osteoid mineralization. Treatment did not affect proliferation, or expression and activation of metalloproteinases (MMP). AP activity and levels of AP mRNA were increased by treatment with FMS*Calciumfluor; the incorporation of radiolabelled Ca into the matrix was also increased and the formation of nodules occurred in a shorter time and with higher frequency than in untreated control cultures. The effects of FMS*Calciumfluor were concentration dependent and specific for its modalities of preparation, and were observed at a concentration about three orders of magnitude lower than similar effects reported in the literature by treatment of osteoblast cultures in vitro with NaF.