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Keywords:

  • okadaic acid;
  • PP1;
  • PP2A;
  • phosphorylation;
  • mast cells;
  • calyculin A;
  • vimentin

The role of serine/threonine protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A in mast cell secretion was investigated using the phosphatase inhibitors okadaic acid and calyculin A. Calyculin A (5–25n m) inhibited antigen-induced secretion from a rat mucosal mast cell line (RBL-2H3) when added in conjunction with the activator. Okadaic acid (250–1000n m) inhibited secretion only when added before activation and did so in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Both inhibitors caused the cells to become rounder, but only calyculin A induced membrane blebbing and a loss of adherence. Okadaic acid also inhibited secretion induced by the calcium ionophore A23187, in the presence or absence of PMA, indicating that the phosphatase inhibitors act on a component of the secretory pathway downstream of calcium mobilization. Okadaic acid increased the phosphorylation of a number of proteins, as did an analogue methyl okadaate, which also inhibited secretion, but less effectively. Okadaic acid induced the phosphorylation of triton-insoluble proteins of 55, 18 and 16kDa. The 55kDa protein was identified as vimentin and okadaic acid induced its partial translocation to the triton-soluble fraction. Our data indicate that full secretory function in mucosal mast cells requires phosphatase activity.