• nuclear matrix;
  • CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) α and β;
  • acute phase (AP) response


The partitioning of C/EBPα and C/EBPβ on the nuclear matrix structure was examined during the different transcriptional activities accompanying liver development and the acute phase (AP) response. The presence of C/EBPα and C/EBPβ was established on the nuclear matrix. Their relative concentrations on the matrix always reflected the developmental stage- and AP-related fluctuations observed in the nuclear extract. Thus, they progressively increased as development proceeded, whereas during the AP response, C/EBPα decreased and C/EBPβ increased. In addition, the levels of both transcription factors were always notably higher in the nuclear matrix than in the extracts. We conclude that the observed changes and overall enrichment of the nuclear matrix with regulatory proteins is a reflection of the importance of such interactions for the in vivo functioning of C/EBP proteins.