• cisplatin;
  • Stylonychia;
  • Tetrahymena;
  • surface pattern;
  • differentiation


Cisplatin [cis -dichlorodiammineplatinum (II)] brings about significant quantitative modifications in the development of cell surface patterns in two unrelated ciliates: Stylonychia and Tetrahymena. Cells cultured in the presence of cisplatin exhibit the formation of supernumerary surface structures in the form of extra cilia/cirri (fused cilia) and other organized ciliary organelles. The metal-induced formation of extra primordia and their differentiation into supernumerary ciliary structures is governed by the normal rules of development. Additional structures are accommodated within the framework of a defined pattern, suggesting the existence of an overall global control of pattern formation. The modified pattern is rectified to its normal state during post-treatment fission cycles, suggesting the role of the cell membrane in correcting developmental errors.