SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

ABSTRACT

Certainly, no history of women important in the development of nurse-midwifery would be complete without the biography of Agnes Shoemaker Reinders. While she was Sister Theophane Shoemaker, a member of the Medical Missionaries, she provided the impetus which culminated in the formation of the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) through a vigorous letter writing campaign. The letters Sister Theophane wrote reveal the genesis of the ACNM as well as her great political savvy. Choosing different tactics with which to approach different people, she wrote letters designed to enlist each person in the goal of organizing nurse-midwives. To the president of the American Nurse's Association (ANA), she was firm and reasonable. To allies, she was warm and collegial. Despite many setbacks, she persisted tirelessly.

After leaving the religious order, she married, changed her name to Agnes Reinders, and went on to become the 1980 recipient of the Hattie Hemschemeyer Award.