Joyce Roberts received her M.S. in nurse-midwifery from the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, and her Ph.D. in nursing from the University of Illinois, Chicago. Currently, she holds a faculty position in the College of Nursing at the University of Illinois. She is also serving as a nurse-midwife at Cook County Hospital where she is continuing her research in positional variables in the conduct of labor.
ALTERNATIVE POSITIONS FOR CHILDBIRTH—Part I: First Stage of Labor*
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
1980 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 25, Issue 4, pages 11–18, July-August 1980
How to Cite
Roberts, J. (1980), ALTERNATIVE POSITIONS FOR CHILDBIRTH—Part I: First Stage of Labor. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 25: 11–18. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(80)90176-7
Part II of this paper, discussing the second stage of labor, will appear in the September/October 1980 issue of JNM.
- Issue published online: 6 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
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