Ela-Joy Lehrman received her A.D.N. from Kirkwood Community College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, her B.S.N, from Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, and her M.S. in Parent–Child Nursing with a specialty in nurse-midwifery from the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Currently, she is engaged in clinical nurse-midwifery practice at Memorial Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona.
NURSE-MIDWIFERY PRACTICE: A Descriptive Study of Prenatal Care*
Article first published online: 10 JAN 2011
1981 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 26, Issue 3, pages 27–41, May-June 1981
How to Cite
Lehrman, E.-J. (1981), NURSE-MIDWIFERY PRACTICE: A Descriptive Study of Prenatal Care. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 26: 27–41. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(81)90057-4
This research received the Sigma Theta Tau, Gamma Rho Chapter 1980 Research Award, and was adapted from a paper presented at the Gamma Rho Third Annual Research meeting in Salt Lake City on 29 October 1980. The author wishes to thank the certified nurse-midwives and clients who participated in the research.
- Issue published online: 10 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 10 JAN 2011
Since 1925, nurse-midwives in the United States have provided prenatal care to an essentially normal population and have contributed to decreased maternal and infant mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this investigation was to identify and describe the components of prenatal care provided by certified nurse-midwives. The components of prenatal care were defined as content (the services provided, the physical examination, and the subjects discussed) and process (approaches, attitudes, and the amount of talking). Data were collected by audio tape recordings of 40 prenatal visits between 23 certified nurse-midwives and their clients. Quantification of the components of prenatal care was accomplished by measuring the frequency and/or duration of events. The average return prenatal visit lasted 23.7 min. Aspects of nurse-midwifery practice were defined and measured. Analysis using the Pearson product moment correlation confirmed the presence of relationships between a portion of the components of prenatal care.