• Helen Gabel C.N.M., M.N.

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    • Ms. Gabel received her B.A. from New College, Sarasota, Florida and her B.S.N. from Florida State University in Tallahassee, Florida. After experience in labor and delivery and postpartum she received her M.N. with nurse-midwifery specialty from Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. She is currently a practicing CNM with Stork Associates, a private group of obstetricians in Tacoma, Washington.

1811 South K St., Tacoma, WA 98405.


Twenty formally unprepared fathers who attended childbirth in a large Southeastern hospital were interviewed in order to determine their needs for on-the-spot preparation. Results indicated that the fathers had very negative expectations of childbirth but in fact found the experience to be meaningful and positive. Common reactions and specific vivid sensations were catalogued. Recommendations include (1) relaxing policies which bar unprepared fathers from delivery areas and (2) providing reassuring and clear guidelines concerning the father's expected behaviors along with orientation to upcoming procedures.