Judith T. Fullerton received her BSN from Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, her MS in Maternity Nursing and Nurse-Midwifery from Columbia University, New York, and her PhD in Health Education from Temple University, Philadelphia, PA. This paper is based on research conducted for her doctoral dissertation. Concurrent with this study, Dr. Fullerton was nurse-midwifery associate with The Birth Center, an out-of-hospital birth setting in Bryn Mawr, PA. She is currently associated with the Primary Care Nurse Practitioner Program at the University of California, San Diego, and test consultant to the ACNM Division of Examiners.
THE CHOICE OF IN-HOSPITAL OR ALTERNATIVE BIRTH ENVIRONMENT AS RELATED TO THE CONCEPT OF CONTROL
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
1982 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 27, Issue 2, pages 17–22, March-April 1982
How to Cite
Fullerton, J. D. T. (1982), THE CHOICE OF IN-HOSPITAL OR ALTERNATIVE BIRTH ENVIRONMENT AS RELATED TO THE CONCEPT OF CONTROL. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 27: 17–22. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(82)90058-1
- Issue published online: 6 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
The choice of in-hospital or alternative birth environment was studied as a function of the concept of control. Personal and situational control variables were assessed, using the Multidimensional Health Locus-of-Control Scale and an attitude scale specific to issues of chioce in childbirth. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that a matched sample of choosers of both environments differed significantly on four of five dimensions studied. These findings point to a need for flexibility in hospital policies governing childbirth since individual freedom of choice is so important to some women and since alternative birthing services are still so rare.