THE USE OF CASTOR OIL TO STIMULATE LABOR IN PATIENTS WITH PREMATURE RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES

Authors

  • Lorna Davis CNM, MSN

    Corresponding author
      250 Mercer Street, New York, NY 10012.
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    • Lorna Davis, CNM, MSN graduated from the Saint Louis Univeristy nurse-midwifery program in 1978. After working for the Maternity Center Association for three years, she joined a private practice. She is currently in practice in New York City with Nancy Kraus, CNM, Joanne Monson, CNM, Marcia Storch, MD, Shelley Kolton, MD, and Beth Shimlock, MD.


250 Mercer Street, New York, NY 10012.

ABSTRACT

Induction of labor is often necessary in patients with premature rupture of membranes. While the effect of oxytocin to stimulate labor is well established, it is potentially hazardous to both the mother and infant. In this study, castor oil was evaluated as a method to induce labor in uncomplicated patients at term gestation with premature rupture of membranes. A total of 196 patients with premature rupture of membranes was studied retrospectively. Of 107 patients who received castor oil, 75% went into labor as compared to 58% of 89 control patients who went into labor spontaneously (P < 0.02). On the basis of these results, it is concluded that castor oil, which is more economical and convenient than oxytocin, can be used safely and effectively to stimulate labor.

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