This paper recounts the history of midwifery in Korea starting from the earliest times when annual tribute missions from Peking brought Confucian philosophies that influenced health care in illness and in pregnancy. At the turn of the twentieth century, missionaries introduced Western-style medical care and education, only to have it all but disappear during the period of Japanese occupation of the country. After World War II, an interim United States Military Government brought a revitalization of all government services, bringing suffrage privileges to women, as well as public recognition. Medical, nursing, and midwifery education and services were modernized. Although the Korean War brought temporary reversal, nursing and midwifery have advanced beyond that of most third world countries.