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EFFECT OF PERINEAL MASSAGE ON THE INCIDENCE OF EPISIOTOMY AND PERINEAL LACERATION IN A NURSE-MIDWIFERY SERVICE

Authors

  • Melissa D. Avery CNM, MS,

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    • Melissa Avery is a staff nurse-midwife with Group Health, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota, and a clinical instructor in the nurse-midwifery program, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota. She received her BSN from Northern Illinois University and her MS from the University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

  • Barbara A. Burket CNM, MS

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    • Barbara Burket has worked as a staff nurse-midwife at Group Health, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota. She received her BSN from Indiana University and her MS from the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.


5405 James Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55419.

ABSTRACT

In a prospective randomized study, women who practiced perineal massage during the last 6 weeks of pregnancy (n = 10) were compared with a control group (n = 10). The experimental group was comprised of healthy parous and nulliparous women. Control subjects were matched for parity, fetal weight, gestational age, and maternal age. Chi-square analysis for independence was significant (χ2= 9.89 p < .01). This study supported the hypothesis that women who practice perineal massage at least four times per week will have a lower incidence of episiotomy and lacerations than those who do not.

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