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A Survey of Nutrition, Caffeine, Cigarette and Alcohol Intake in Early Pregnancy in an Urban Clinic Population

Authors

  • Dorothy Brooten PhD, FAAN,

    Corresponding author
      University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing/6096, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6096.
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    • Dorothy Brooten, PhD, FAAN, is the Chairperson of Health Care of Women and the Childbearing Family Section, and Program Director of the Graduate Perinatal Nursing Program in the School of Nursing at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Dr. Brooten is a member of NAACOG, Sigma Theta Tau, ANA and is a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing.

  • Mary Ann Peters MSN,

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    • Mary Ann Peters, MSN, RNC, is the Senior Staff Development Coordinator for Women's Health and Family Service at Lankenau Hospital in Philadelphia. Ms. Peters is a member of NAACOG, ANA, Sigma Theta Tau and NPA.

  • Mary Glatts MSN,

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    • Mary Glatts, MSN, is a Clinical Nurse Specialist in Obstetrics at St. Francis Hospital in Wilmington, Delaware. Ms. Glatts is a member of NAACOG.

  • Sue Ellen Gaffney MSN,

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    • Sue Ellen Gaffney, MSN, is the Perinatal Clinical Specialist at the University of Connecticut Health Center in Framington, Connecticut.

  • Mary Knapp MSN,

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    • Mary Knapp, MSN, is a Public Health Consultant in Nursing for Special Child Health Services for the New Jersey State Department of Health. Ms. Knapp is a member of the New Jersey Perinatal Association.

  • Susan Cohen DSN,

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    • Susan Cohen, DSN, is the Director, Health Care of Women Graduate Program in the School of Nursing at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Dr. Cohen is a member of NAACOG, ANA and AASECT.

  • Clara Jordan MSN

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    • Clara Jordan, MSN, was formerly Program Director of the Graduate Nursing Program in Health Care of Women and the Childbearing Family in the School of Nursing at the University of Pennsylvania. Ms. Jordan is a member of ANA and Sigma Theta Tau.


University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing/6096, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6096.

ABSTRACT

Nutritional intake during pregnancy is important for maternal well-being and optimal fetal outcome. The nutritional, caffeine, cigarette and alcohol intake of 308 women registering for their first prenatal visit in an urban clinic was surveyed. Twenty-four hour dietary recalls were coded, computer analyzed, and compared to the RDA for pregnant women for calories, protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamins A and C, thiamin, riboflavin and niacin. The nutritional intake was inadequate in calories, calcium, and iron. Forty percent of the sample reported smoking at this point in their pregnancy and the mean number of cigarettes smoked was 10 (one-half a pack) per day. Thirteen percent of the sample acknowledge regular alcohol consumption and 83% of those consuming alcohol also smoked. The mean caffeine intake was 65 mg, a level lower than the reported mean daily intake for a nonpregnant adult.

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