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THE EFFECTS OF AEROBIC EXERCISE ON THE PREGNANT WOMAN, FETUS, AND PREGNANCY OUTCOME

A Review

Authors

  • Arlene M. Wallace CNM, MS,

    Corresponding author
      535 S. Home, Oak Park, Illinois 60304.
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    • Arlene M. Wallace, CNM, MS, is a Certified Nurse-Midwife at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. She received her nurse-midwifery education at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

  • Janet L. Engstrom CNM, PhD

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    • Janet L. Engstrom, CNM, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Nurse-Midwifery Program at the University of Illinois at Chicago.


535 S. Home, Oak Park, Illinois 60304.

ABSTRACT

The literature on the effects of aerobic exercise on the pregnant woman, her fetus, and pregnancy outcome is reviewed. These findings are used to provide a prescription for exercise during pregnancy. Although limited, research suggests that moderate exercise is safe for pregnant women without medical or obstetrical complications. Further research is needed to determine if exercise is associated with low birthweight, preterm labor, teratogenic effects, or fetal distress.

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