Melissa Avery is a practicing nurse-midwife with Group Health, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota, and a doctoral student in the School of Nursing at the University of Minnesota. She received her BS from Northern Illinois University and her MSN from the University of Kentucky.
PERINEAL MASSAGE: Effect on the Incidence of Episiotomy and Laceration in a Nulliparous Population
Article first published online: 28 JAN 2011
1987 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 32, Issue 3, pages 181–184, May-June 1987
How to Cite
Avery, M. D. and Van Arsdale, L. (1987), PERINEAL MASSAGE: Effect on the Incidence of Episiotomy and Laceration in a Nulliparous Population. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 32: 181–184. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(87)90095-4
- Issue published online: 28 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 28 JAN 2011
This prospective study compared 29 nulliparous women who practiced perineal massage in the last 6 weeks of pregnancy with a control group of 26. Episiotomy and/or second degree (or greater) perineal laceration occurred in 48% of experimental subjects and 77% of controls. Chi square analysis showed a significant difference between the groups (p < 0.05). Perineal massage may be one technique that will decrease the need for episiotomy. Suggestions for further research are discussed.