Janet L. Gosha is an Instructor in the Nurse-Midwifery Program at Rush University. She received her M.S. from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1986 and her B.S.N. from DePaul University in 1977.
EFFECT OF A BREAST SHELL ON POSTPARTUM NIPPLE PAIN
An Exploratory Study
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
1988 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 33, Issue 2, pages 74–77, March-April 1988
How to Cite
CNM, P. A. M., Gosha, J. L. and Tichy, A. M. (1988), EFFECT OF A BREAST SHELL ON POSTPARTUM NIPPLE PAIN. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 33: 74–77. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(88)90163-2
This article was prepared from a thesis submitted to the University of Illinois at Chicago in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Master of Science degree
- Issue published online: 6 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
The effect of the use of a breast shell in the treatment of postpartum nipple pain was compared with no treatment in a convenience sample of 20 breastfeeding women. The women served as their own controls by wearing the breast shell over one breast for four days. Pain in both nipples was evaluated daily using the verbal descriptor scale from the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Comparison of mean ranks of pain intensity with the Wilcoxon test demonstrated no significant difference between treatment and control data. However, 80% of the subjects reported they would use the breast shell again. Distinct patterns of postpartum nipple pain were delineated. These patterns of nipple pain are significant both in the clinical counseling of breastfeeding women and in the design of future studies.