Kathleen F. Norr is a medical sociologist and researcher at the College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago. She was codirector with Dr. Roberts of the research at Cook County Hospital, and is currently principal investigator of a research project on early postpartum discharge for low income mothers and infants. Dr. Norr is a member of the American Sociological Association and an associate member of ACNM.
EARLY POSTPARTUM ROOMING-IN AND MATERNAL ATTACHMENT BEHAVIORS IN A GROUP OF MEDICALLY INDIGENT PRIMIPARAS
Article first published online: 10 JAN 2011
1989 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 34, Issue 2, pages 85–91, March-April 1989
How to Cite
Norr, K. F., Roberts, J. E. and Freese, U. (1989), EARLY POSTPARTUM ROOMING-IN AND MATERNAL ATTACHMENT BEHAVIORS IN A GROUP OF MEDICALLY INDIGENT PRIMIPARAS. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 34: 85–91. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(89)90034-7
- Issue published online: 10 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 10 JAN 2011
Introduction of rooming-in at the study site provided an opportunity to examine the impact of rooming-in on maternal attachment behaviors. Maternal attachment scores for 80 mothers who received rooming-in were compared to 72 mothers who delivered before rooming-in and 35 mothers who requested but did not receive rooming-in. All subjects were medically indigent primiparas with no intrapartum or postpartum complications and term healthy infants. The groups were not significantly different in maternal age, race, or ethnicity. Maternal attachment behaviors were recorded during an infant feeding. Rooming-in mothers had significantly higher maternal attachment scores than both control groups. Rooming-in had an independent effect on maternal attachment after the effects of maternal age, episiotomy or lacerations, epidural anesthesia, infant contact at delivery, and time of feeding observation had been accounted for. Of these prior factors, only maternal age had a significant impact on rooming-in. These results suggest that rooming-in helps primiparas to form early attachments to their babies, and that the impact of rooming-in cannot be explained by the mother's motivation for rooming-in. It is important to provide close contact with the infant during the early postpartum, especially for adolescents who may be at higher than average risk of mothering inadequacies.