The Care Process


  • Joyce E. Thompson cnm, drph, faan,

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    • Joyce E. Thompson is Associate Professor and Director of the Graduate Program in Nurse-Midwifery at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing. She was educated at the University of Michigan and Columbia University, and received her nurse-midwifery education at Maternity Center Association. She has practiced nurse-midwifery since 1965 and taught in certificate and master's basic programs since 1971.

  • Deborah Oakley phd,

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    • Deborah Oakley is an Associate Professor at the University of Michigan School of Nursing and Interim Director of that School's Center for Nursing Research. She is currently Principal Investigator for an interdisciplinary research grant, Certified Nurse-Midwives and Physicians: A Study of Comparisons, funded by the NIH National Center for Nursing Research.

  • Margaret Burke cnm, ms,

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    • Margaret M. Burke is currently Director of the Nurse-Midwifery Service in the Department of Obstretics and Gynecology at Women's Hospital, University of Michigan. She was educated at Georgetown and Catholic Universities, and received her nurse-midwifery education at the University of Mississippi. She is Co-Principal Investigator with D. Oakley on NCNR funded study of nurse-midwives and physicians.

  • Susan Jay rn, phd,

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    • Susan S. Jay is currently Assistant Professor in Parent-Child Nursing at the University of Michigan School of Nursing with a clinical apointment at C.S. Mott Hospital. She received her undergraduate degree from Boston University and graduate degrees from the University of Pittsburgh. Her past teaching positions include the University of Pittsburgh, Boston College, and Boston University with clinical appointments at various children's hospitals in the Northeast.

  • Mary Conklin rn, ms, jd

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    • Mary M. Conklin is currently Maternal Health Nurse Consultant at the Michigan Department of Public Health. She received her Juris Doctor from Thomas M. Cooley Law School in Lansing, her M.S.N. from Boston College, and B.S.N. from Mercy College of Detroit.

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Identifying what it is about the way nurse-midwives care for women that might contribute to healthy outcomes for women and infants requires clear definition of that care process. This article describes our efforts to define the theoretical construct of the nurse-midwifery care process. These efforts culminated in the development of a middle range descriptive theory of nurse-midwifery care. We share those efforts with others in the hopes of encouraging dialogue and the testing of this theory in a variety of clinical settings.