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  • Linda K. Church cnm, rnp

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      2306 North Bradley Avenue, Claremont, CA 91711.
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    • Linda K. Church received her BSN degree from Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah in 1972 and her nurse-midwifery education from University of Southern California School of Medicine nurse-midwifery program in 1986. Currently, she is a nurse-midwife and staff in-service coordinator at the Family Birthing Center of Upland, where she also serves as a preceptor for the University of Southern California nurse-midwifery students. She is on the Clinical Practice Committee of American College of Nurse-Midwives and is the mother of six children.

2306 North Bradley Avenue, Claremont, CA 91711.


This paper discusses the water birth experiences of women who delivered at The Family Birthing Center of Upland, California, from February, 1985 to June 1, 1989. Of the 831 who used warm water immersion during their labor, 483 gave birth in the water with good Apgar scores; and there was only one minor maternal infection. These results clearly suggest that water birth—with certain precautions—is not only a desirable alternative for many women, but also a safe and positive intrapartum intervention.

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