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A CONTEXT FOR HIV TESTING IN PREGNANCY

Authors

  • Ann Kurth mph ,

    Graduate StudentSearch for more papers by this author
    • Ann Kurth has an MPH in Population and Family Health from Columbia University and is a full-time graduate student of nurse-midwifery at the Yale School of Nursing. She is the research director of the Dixwell Preventive Health Program, a community-based AIDS education program in New Haven, Connecticut.

  • Margaret Hutchison ba

    Corresponding authorSearch for more papers by this author
    • Margaret Hutchison is a full-time graduate student of nurse-midwifery at the Yale School of Nursing. She worked from 1985–1987 as a research coordinator for AIDS epidemiological studies at Boston City Hospital and currently serves as AIDS education consultant for the Dixwell Preventive Health Program.


Yale School of Nursing, P.O. Box 9740, 855 Howard Avenue, New Haven, CT 06536–0740.

ABSTRACT

The use of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody test for women of child-bearing age is discussed. Serological tests used to determine HIV status are reviewed. Practitioners should be aware of the legal and ethical issues involved in testing. Psychological responses to knowledge of test results are considered. The goal of the counseling session is to provide sufficient information for the woman to make an informed decision about reproductive choices. The format and content of pre- and post-test sessions are outlined, and checklists that may assist the practitioner in post-test counseling appear in the Appendixes.

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