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MATERNAL HEALTH PRACTICES AND COMPLICATIONS OF TERM LABOR

Authors

  • Vanessa A. Marshall CNM, ScD

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    • Vanessa A. Marshall, CNM, DcD, is an assistant professor in the Maternal-Newborn-Nurse-Midwifery Program at the Yale University School of Nursing. A 1970 graduate of the Yale program, she received her doctor of science degree in Maternal and Child Health from the Harvard School of Public Health in 1986.


Yale School of Nursing, 25 Park Street, PO Box 0740, New Haven, CT 06536–9740.

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between a healthful lifestyle, demonstrated by selected health practices, and complications in term labor. A sample of 493 clinic patients were interviewed at term, but prior to the onset of labor, regarding nine health practices. In a logistic regression, three of the nine practices examined were associated with significant changes in the rate of intrapartum complications: smokers experienced fewer intrapartum problems, whereas those with excess weight for height at conception and those whose gestational weight gain exceeded 40 pounds experienced an increased incidence of complications.

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