Winnie O. Willis, RN, ScD, is an associate professor in the Division of Maternal and Child Health, San Diego State University Graduate School of Public Health. She received her doctor of science degree in maternal and child health from The Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health in 1982. Her current research is in the area of pesticide exposure and pregnancy outcome, as well as African-American infant mortality.
PREVENTION OF INFANT MORTALITY: An Agenda for Nurse-Midwifery
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
1991 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 36, Issue 6, pages 343–354, November-December 1991
How to Cite
Willis, W. O. and Fullerton, J. T. (1991), PREVENTION OF INFANT MORTALITY: An Agenda for Nurse-Midwifery. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 36: 343–354. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(91)90106-Y
- Issue published online: 6 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
A major health objective of the United States government and the World Health Organization is the reduction of infant mortality by the year 2000. Significant progress in the reduction of infant mortality has been made internationally simply as a consequence of general improvements in public health and nationally as a consequence of increased technological sophistication. Recently, however, there has been an attenuation in the rate of decline, and it becomes necessary to address the unsolved issues that continue to affect morbidity and mortality in the first year of life Year 2000 objectives related to infant mortality include the reduction of low birth weight and increasing access to prenatal care. Socioeconomic, behavioral, medical, and obstetric factors associated with low birth weight and lack of prenatal care are cited. Personal and political agenda targeted to the achievement of the public health goals are proposed.