Part I: Theoretical Background


  • Margaret W. Beal CNM, MSN

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    • Margaret Beal, CNM, MSN, is an Associate Professor at Yale University School of Nursing. She has earned a B.A. in sociology/anthropology at Oberlin College, a B.S.N. at Case Western Reserve University, and an M.S.N. at Yale University. A graduate of the Advanced Shiatsu Program at Ohashi Institute in New York City, she is now a Ph.D. candidate in nursing at the Graduate School of The Union Institute.

Yale University School of Nursing, PO Box 9740, New Haven, CT 06536–0740.


An introduction to the therapeutic applications, history, and theory of acupuncture and several related treatment modalities is presented. The practices of acupuncture, moxibustion, acupressure, and shiatsu are described. The underlying concept of treatment of imbalances of ch'i, or life energy, is presented along with the flow of ch'i in meridians (pathways), and the theories of yin and yang, Five Elements, and Eight Principle Patterns.