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Part II: Applications to Antepartal and Intrapartal Care


  • Margaret W. Beal CNM, MSN

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    • Margaret Beal, CNM, MSN, is an Associate Professor at Yale University School of Nursing. She has earned a B.A. in sociology/anthropology at Oberlin College, a B.S.N. at Case Western Reserve University, and an M.S.N. at Yale University. A graduate of the Advanced Shiatsu Program at Ohashi Institute in New York City, she is now a Ph.D. candidate in nursing at the Graduate School of The Union Institute.

Yale University School of Nursing, 25 Park Street, PO Box 9740, New Haven, CT 06536–0740.


The application of acupuncture, moxibustion, acupressure, and shiatsu to antepartal and intrapartal care are discussed. Information on therapeutic interventions as described in textbooks is presented and compared with specific treatments evaluated in research studies. Specific clinical indications addressed include nausea during pregnancy, repositioning of the fetus in breech position, stimulation of contractions and true labor, and pain relief in labor. Qualifications for practitioners and recommendations for certified nurse-midwives caring for clients seeking referral for these services are discussed.