Sharon A. O'Reilly is a certified OBGYN nurse practitioner for Leland, Fleming, Dindoffer and Associates in Ypsilanti, Michigan. Ms. O'Reilly is Adjunct Faculty at the University of Michigan, School of Nursing, and precepts students in the graduate school practitioner program. She is a member of NAACOG, Sigma Theta Tau, and the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.
Oral Intake and Emesis in Labor
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
1993 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 38, Issue 4, pages 228–235, July-August 1993
How to Cite
O'Reilly, S. A., Hoyer, P. J. P. and Walsh, E. (1993), LOW-RISK MOTHERS. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 38: 228–235. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(93)90006-3
- Issue published online: 6 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
This study examined the pattern of oral intake and its impact on emesis and other complications in low-risk gravidas during labor. It is common clinical practice to restrict oral intake in most institutions. The historical bases for this restrictive practice are explored. Findings from this study indicate that when given a choice, all 106 women chose a variety of types and amounts of oral intake throughout all stages of labor. Over 80% of women who ate or drank during labor had no emesis. Of the 20 who did have any emesis, 40% (eight) vomited more than once. None of the women who vomited experienced poor outcomes. These data suggest that women who choose oral intake during labor are at relatively low risk for complications related to this intake. Based on a comprehensive review of the literature and these study results, practitioners should allow as much choice as is consistent with empirical knowledge and safe practice.