Mavis N. Schorn received her B.S.N. degree in 1981 from the University of Texas in Austin, her M.S. degree in 1987 from Texas Woman's University in Houston, and her nurse-midwifery education from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston in 1990. Currently, she is an instructor in clinical obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive sciences at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, and practices midwifery at the Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital in Houston, Texas.
WATER IMMERSION AND THE EFFECT ON LABOR
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
1993 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Nurse-Midwifery
Volume 38, Issue 6, pages 336–342, November-December 1993
How to Cite
Schorn, M. N., McAllister, J. L. and Blanco, J. D. (1993), WATER IMMERSION AND THE EFFECT ON LABOR. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 38: 336–342. doi: 10.1016/0091-2182(93)90014-8
- Issue published online: 6 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
The use of warm water immersion (WI) by women for relaxation during labor is being used around the world; however, there is little available research as to the effects of WI. We conducted this prospective, randomized, and controlled study to determine the safety and effect of WI on the woman in labor. We studied 93 subjects between 36 and 41 weeks' gestation, in active labor, with intact membranes, and without major medical or obstetric complications. Subjects in the WI group utilized a tub in labor along with other pain relief measures such as ambulation, rest, showers, and analgesics. Subjects in the no-WI group could use all available methods of pain relief except WI. Water immersion did not alter the rate of cervical dilation, change the contraction pattern, change the length of labor, or alter the use of analgesia. The rates of chorloamnionitis and endometritis were not allered by WI. Although we did not demonstrate an improvement in progression of labor by WI, there was no evidence of increased maternal, neonatal, or infectious morbidity.