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CRITERIA FOR ACCREDITATION OF DIRECT-ENTRY MIDWIFERY EDUCATION

Authors

  • Judith P. Rooks CNM, MS, MPH, FACNM,

    Corresponding author
      Address correspondence to Judith P. Rooks, cnm, ms, mph, facnm, 2706 S.W. English Court, Portland, OR 97201.
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    • Judith Rooks is a member of the Academic Faculty of the Frontier School of Midwifery & Family Nursing's Community-Based Nurse-Midwifery Education Program. Although the School is based in Hyden, Kentucky, faculty and students live throughout the United States; Judith lives in Portland, Oregon. She is writing a book on professional midwifery and midwifery education for the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and accepts occasional consultancies and other assignments in the field of family planning and maternal health care in the United States and other countries. She is an Associate of the Pacific Institute for Women's Health, which is based in Los Angeles. She was president of the American College of Nurse-Midwives from 1983 to 1985.

  • Katherine Camacho Carr CNM, PHD, FACNM

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    • Katherine Camacho Carr is the Director of Development and Research and serves on the Administrative Council of the Frontier School of Midwifery & Family Nursing's Community-Based Nurse-Midwifery Education Program. She is a member of the clinical faculty of the University of Washington School of Medicine and is Associate Clinical Professor at the Francis Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University. She has practiced midwifery in the Seattle area since 1977, attending births in homes, a birth center, and most of the major hospitals. She has served as both academic and clinical faculty for nursing, nurse-midwifery, and direct-entry midwifery students of several programs. She has served as a member of the faculty and as a consultant to the Seattle Midwifery School.


Address correspondence to Judith P. Rooks, cnm, ms, mph, facnm, 2706 S.W. English Court, Portland, OR 97201.

ABSTRACT

The American College of Nurse-Midwives' Division of Accreditation criteria for accreditating direct-entry midwifery education call for programs to require baccalaureate degrees for entry or award them at conclusion of the program and require faculty to be midwives certified by the ACNM Certification Council. Neither criteria can be met by any existing direct-entry program. The authors argue against these criteria, based in part on familiarity with the Seattle Midwifery School. The paper describes the development of the Seattle Midwifery School, summarizes reasons for and against requiring degrees for midwifery education, argues against excluding faculty of existing direct-entry schools who are not certified by the ACNM Certification Council, notes other efforts to develop credentials for direct-entry midwives, and concludes that professional direct-entry midwifery must be based on widely respected, rigorous national standards.

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