The need for effective, long-term contraception remains a significant issue. Intrauterine devices (IUDs) have evolved to the point where currently available devices are comparable, in safety and efficacy, to oral contraceptives. Due to concerns regarding previous devices, available IUDs remain largely underused by midwives and all other providers of reproductive health care. Recent medical data refute many of the medical-legal misconceptions. Currently available IUDs are safe and effective and represent a suitable contraceptive alternative for the appropriate patient.