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  • Jacquelyn C. Campbell PhD, RN, FAAN,

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    • Jacquelyn C. Campbell is the Anna D. Wolf Endowed Professor and the director of the doctoral program at Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing in Baltimore, Maryland. She has been conducting research and providing advocacy with battered women since 1979 and is Chair of the Expert Panel on Violence of the American Academy of Nursing.

  • Doris W. Campbell PhD, RN

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    • Doris Campbell is a professor and the director of minority affairs at the University of South Florida Health Education Center in Tampa. She has been conducting research with battered women for approximately 8 years, building on her maternal-child health clinical and scholarly background. She is also a member of the Florida Governor's Task Force on Domestic Violence.

Jacquelyn C. Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN, Anna D. Wolf Endowed Director of Doctoral Program, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Nursing, 1830 E. Monument Street, Room 448, Baltimore, MD 21205–2100.


This article explains the concept of cultural competence, adding advocacy to models of culturally competent health care already in the literature and demonstrating how it relates to domestic violence. Abuse stages according to Landenburger's model of entrapment and recovery are presented with applicable cultural differences and specificities. Cultural issues related to specific childbearing-stage abuse interventions are also discussed. The principles of cultural competence, abuse- and childbearing-stage specificity, and empowerment are used as the basis for this model of clinical intervention with abused women.