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  • Betty Watts Carrington CNM, EdD, FACNM,

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      Betty Watts Carrington, CNM, EdD, FACNM, 119–31 220 Street, Cambria Heights, NY 11411.
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    • Betty Watts Carrington received a BSN from the University of Michigan School of Nursing and, in 1971, graduated from the Columbia University School of Nursing's Maternity Nursing, Nurse-Midwifery Program. She received an EdD from Teachers College, Columbia University in 1986. Dr. Carrington began nurse-midwifery practice with the Brookdale Hospital/MIC affiliation in Brownsville, Brooklyn. She has served the ACNM in many capacities, including as national vice president, regional representative, member of the Nominating and Clinical Practice Committees chair of the Interprofessional Committee, associate editor of the Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, and member of the divisions of Research and Accreditation. Dr. Carrington taught at the State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, was a former Director of the Columbia University Program, and, since 1991, has been a consultant to the Boston University Nurse-Midwifery Program while employed as a CNM/Research Associate at Harlem Hospital/Columbia University, New York, USA.

  • Barbara Decker CNM, EdD, FACNM

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    • Barbara Decker received an MA degree from Teachers College, Columbia University and then completed the certificate program in nurse-midwifery at the State University of New York at Brooklyn. She began teaching at the Columbia University Graduate Program in nurse-midwifery and eventually served as director of that program. She earned a doctoral degree from Teachers College and then joined the faculty of the Yale Nurse-Midwifery Program New York, USA, where she serves as director. Dr. Decker has participated in many ACNM educational endeavors as chair of the Education Committee, member of the national and Northeast Regional Program Directors groups, member of the Division of Accreditation, member of the task force to develop the Assured Equivalency Option, and delegate to the MANA/ACNM Interorganizational Work Group.

Betty Watts Carrington, CNM, EdD, FACNM, 119–31 220 Street, Cambria Heights, NY 11411.


The health care industry is a massive system that is changing so rapidly that it is reinventing itself. With these changes, added demands have been placed on the knowledge base and practice of nurse-midwifery with emphasis on primary care, administration, and research as well as traditionally accepted nurse-midwifery practice. The American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) has a history of being alert to consumer demands, sociopolitical forces, and the health care industry itself as stimuli for change after full dialogue with the membership and appropriate study. Because the ACNM Division of Accreditation will be requiring a baccalaureate degree upon entrance or completion of each midwifery education program by June 1999, dialogue should begin now about the benefits of requiring a masters degree as the entry-level credential.

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