• Fred M. Howard MD,

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    • Dr. Fred M. Howard received a bachelor of arts degree from Berea College in 1969, a master of science degree in biochemistry from Purdue University in 1972, and a medical degree from Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in 1976. He serves as chief of obstetrics-gynecology at Rochester General Hospital and is an associate professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Rochester School of Medicine.

  • Phyllis C. Leppert MD, PhD

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    • Dr. Phyllis Leppert received a bachelor of science degree in nursing in 1961 and a master of science degree in nurse-midwifery in 1964 from Columbia University, a medical degree from Duke University in 1973, and a PhD in pathology (extracellular matrix biochemistry) from Columbia University in 1986. She serves as professor and chairperson of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the State University of New York at Buffalo.

Rochester General Hospital, 1425 Portland Avenue, Rochester, NY 14621.


Using the team concept, certified nurse-midwives, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants help educate physicians in an obstetrics and gynecology residency program and help to create a balance between education and service. This program is well received by the physicians in graduate medical education, and the majority indicate they will work within a collaborative model of practice.