Midwifery education has a rich tradition of blending innovation with educational methods that have demonstrated their value to the profession. Examples of innovations that have influenced midwifery education include the use of the asynchronous modular system, the development of distance methodologies, and most recently the use of computer and telecommunications technologies to mediate education. This study was designed to explore trends in approaches to the education of midwives in both traditional and distance education programs. Program directors were surveyed and interviewed to assess their degree of instructional synchrony, their use of distance modalities, and their predominate methods of curriculum presentation. Results of the survey suggest that programs are using a variety of these approaches to educate their students. Decisions to integrate new educational technologies appear to be based on institutional values, community resources, and student needs.