SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • [1]
    Crutzen, P.J. (1992) Ultraviolet on the increase. Nature 356, 140145.
  • [2]
    Kerr, J.B., McElroy, C.T. (1993) Evidence for a large upwards trend of ultraviolet-B radiation linked to ozone depletion. Science 262, 10321034.
  • [3]
    Cullen, J.J., Neale, P.J., Lesser, M.P. (1992) Biological weighting function for the inhibition of phytoplankton photosynthesis by ultraviolet radiation. Science 258, 646650.
  • [4]
    McMinn, A., Heijnis, H., Hodgson, D. (1994) Minimal effects of UVB radiation on Antarctic diatoms over the past 20 years. Nature 370, 547549.
  • [5]
    Neale, P.J., Cullen, J.J., Davis, R.F. (1998) Interactive effects of ozone depletion and vertical mixing on photosynthesis of Antarctic phytoplankton. Nature 392, 585589.
  • [6]
    R.C. Smith Ozone depletion: ultraviolet radiation and phytoplankton biology in Antarctic waters. Science 25 1992 952959.
  • [7]
    Smith, R.C., Baker, K.S. (1980) Stratospheric ozone, middle ultraviolet radiation and carbon 14 measurements of marine productivity. Science 208, 592593.
  • [8]
    Gerber, S., Häder, D.-P. (1995) Effects of enhanced solar irradiation on chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic oxygen production of five species of phytoplankton. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 16, 3342.
  • [9]
    Goes, J.I., Handa, N., Tagushi, S., Hama, T., Saito, H. (1995) Impact of UV radiation on the production patterns and composition of dissolved free and combined amino acids in marine phytoplankton. J. Plankton Res. 17, 13371362.
  • [10]
    Friedberg, E.C., Walker, G.C. and Siede, W. (1995) DNA Repair and Mutagenesis. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
  • [11]
    Roy, S. (2000) Strategies for the minimisation of UV-induced damage. In: The Effects of UV Radiation in the Marine Environment (de Mora, S., Demers, S. and Vernet, M., Eds.), pp. 177–205. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • [12]
    Jeffrey, W.H., Kase, J.P. and Wilhelm, S.W. (2000) UV radiation effects on heterotrophic bacterioplankton and viruses in marine environment. In: The Effects of UV Radiation in the Marine Environment (de Mora, S., Demers, S. and Vernet, M., Eds.), pp. 206–236. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • [13]
    Herndl, G.J., Muller-Niklas, G., Frick, J. (1993) Major role of ultraviolet-B in controlling bacterioplankton growth in the surface layer of the Ocean. Nature 361, 717719.
  • [14]
    Visser, P.M., Snelder, E., Kop, A.J., Boelen, P., Buma, A.G.J., VanDuyl, F.C. (1999) Effects of UV radiation on DNA photodamage and production in bacterioplankton in the coastal Carribean Sea. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 20, 4958.
  • [15]
    Maranger, R., Del Giorgio, P.A., Bird, D.F. (2002) Accumulation of damaged bacteria and viruses in lake water exposed to solar radiation. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 28, 213227.
  • [16]
    Joux, F., Jeffrey, W.H., Lebaron, P., Mitchell, D.L. (1999) Marine bacterial isolates display different responses to UV-B radiation. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 38203827.
  • [17]
    Arrieta, J.M., Weinbauer, M.G., Herndl, G.J. (2000) Interspecific variability in sensitivity to UV radiation and subsequent recovery in selected isolates of marine bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66, 14681473.
  • [18]
    Winter, C., Moesender, M.M., Herndl, G.J. (2001) Impact of UV radiation on bacterioplankton community composition. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67, 665672.
  • [19]
    Rhode, S.C., Pawlowski, M., Tollrian, R. (2001) The impact of ultraviolet radiation on the vertical distribution of zooplankton of the genus Daphnia. Nature 412, 6972.
  • [20]
    Bergh, O., Børsheim, K.Y., Bratbak, G., Heldal, M. (1989) High abundances of viruses found in aquatic environments. Nature 340, 467468.
  • [21]
    Furhman, J.A., Suttle, C.A. (1993) Viruses in marine planktonic systems. Oceanography 6, 5163.
  • [22]
    Suttle, C.A., Chan, A.M., Cottrell, M.T. (1990) Infection of phytoplankton by viruses and reduction of primary productivity. Nature 347, 467469.
  • [23]
    Proctor, L.M., Fuhrman, J.A. (1990) Viral mortality of marine bacteria and cyanobacteria. Nature 343, 6062.
  • [24]
    Wilhelm, S.W., Suttle, C.A. (1999) Viruses and nutrient cycles in the sea. Bioscience 49, 781788.
  • [25]
    van Hannen, E.J., Zwart, G., van Agterveld, M.P., Gons, H.J., Ebert, J., Laanbroek, H.J. (1999) Changes in bacterial and eukaryotic community structure after mass lysis of filamentous cyanobacteria associated with viruses. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 795801.
  • [26]
    Castberg, T., Larsen, A., Sandaa, R.A., Brussaard, C.P.D., Egge, J.K., Heldal, M., Thyrhaug, R., van Hannen, E.J., Bratbak, G. (2001) Microbial population dynamics and diversity during a bloom of the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 221, 3946.
  • [27]
    Malin, G., Wilson, W.H., Bratbak, G., Liss, P.S., Mann, N.H. (1998) Elevated production of dimethylsulfide from viral infection of cultures of Phaeocystis pouchetii. Limnol. Oceanogr. 43, 13891393.
  • [28]
    Chiura, H.X. (1997) Generalized gene transfer by virus-like particles from marine bacteria. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 13, 7588.
  • [29]
    Furhman, J.A. (1999) Marine viruses and their biogeochemical and ecological effects. Nature 399, 541548.
  • [30]
    Wommack, K.E., Colwell, R.R. (2000) Virioplankton: viruses in aquatic ecosystems. Microbiol. Mol. Rev. 64, 69114.
  • [31]
    Suttle, C.A., Chen, F. (1992) Mechanisms and rates of decay of marine viruses in seawater. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58, 37213729.
  • [32]
    Noble, R.T., Fuhrman, J.A. (1997) Virus decay and its causes in coastal waters. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63, 7783.
  • [33]
    Wommack, K.E., Hill, R.T., Muller, T.A., Colwell, R.R. (1996) Effects of sunlight on bacteriophage viability and structure. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62, 13361341.
  • [34]
    Garza, D.R., Suttle, C.A. (1998) The effect of cyanophages on the mortality of Synechococcus spp. and selection for UV resistant viral communities. Microb. Ecol. 36, 281292.
  • [35]
    Suttle, C.A., Chan, A.M. (1994) Dynamics and distribution of cyanophages and their effect on marine Synechococcus spp. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60, 31673174.
  • [36]
    Weinbauer, M.G., Wilhelm, S.W., Suttle, C.A., Garza, D.R. (1997) Photoreactivation compensates for UV damage and restores infectivity to natural marine viruses communities. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 6, 22002205.
  • [37]
    Wilhelm, S.W., Weinbauer, M.G., Suttle, C.A., Jeffrey, W.H. (1998) The role of sunlight in the removal and repair of viruses in the sea. Limnol. Oceanogr. 43, 586592.
  • [38]
    Wilhelm, S.W., Weinbauer, M.G., Suttle, C.A., Pledger, R.J., Mitchell, D.L.K. (1998) Measurements of DNA damage and photoreactivation imply that most viruses in marine surface waters are infective. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 14, 215222.
  • [39]
    Furuta, M., Schrader, J.O., Schrader, H.S., Kokjohn, T.A., Nyaga, S., McCullough, A.K., Lloyd, R.S., Burbank, D.E., Landstein, D., Lane, L., Van Etten, J.L. (1997) Chlorella virus PBCV-1 encodes a homolog of the bacteriophage T4 UV damage repair gene denV. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63, 15511556.
  • [40]
    Shaffer, J.J., Jacobsen, L.M., Schrader, J.O., Lee, K.W., Martin, E.L., Kokjohn, T.A. (1999) Characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage UNL-1, a bacterial virus with a novel UV-A induced DNA damage reactivation phenotype. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 26062613.
  • [41]
    Sandaa, R.-A., Heldal, M., Castberg, T., Thyrhaug, R., Bratbak, G. (2001) Isolation and characterization of two viruses with large genome size infecting Chrysochromulina ericina (Prymnesiophyceae) and Pyramimonas orientalis (Prasinophyceae). Virology 290, 272280.
  • [42]
    Castberg, T., Thyrhaug, R., Larsen, A., Sandaa, R.-A., Heldal, M., Van Etten, J.L., Bratbak, G. (2002) Isolation and characterization of a virus that infects Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta). J. Phycol. 38, 767774.
  • [43]
    Waters, R.E., Chan, A.T. (1882) Micromonas pusilla virus: the virus growth cycle and associated physiological events within the host cells; host range mutation. J. Gen. Virol. 63, 199206.
  • [44]
    Jacobsen, A., Bratbak, G., Heldal, M. (1996) Isolation and characterization of a virus infecting Phaeocystis pouchetii (Prymnesiophyceae). J. Phycol. 32, 923927.
  • [45]
    Harrison, P.J., Waters, R.E., Taylor, F.J.R. (1980) A broad spectrum artificial seawater medium for coastal and open ocean phytoplankton. J. Phycol. 16, 2835.
  • [46]
    B. Mostajir Experimental test of the effect of ultraviolet-B radiation in a planktonic community. Limnol. Oceanogr. 44 1999 586596.
  • [47]
    Garde, K., Caillau, C. (2000) The impact of UV-B radiation and different PAR intensities on growth, uptake of 14C, excretion of DOC, cell volume, and pigmentation in the marine prymnesiophyte, Emiliania huxleyi. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 247, 99112.
  • [48]
    Thyrhaug, R., Larsen, A., Thingstad, T.F. and Bratbak, G. (2003) Stable coexistence in marine algae-virus systems. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. (in press).
  • [49]
    Bratbak, G., Jacobsen, A., Heldal, M., Nagasaki, N., Thingstad, T.F. (1998) Virus production in Phaeocystis pouchetti and its relation to host cell growth and nutrition. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 16, 19.
  • [50]
    Marie, D., Brussaard, C.P.D., Bratbak, G., Vaulot, D. (1999) Enumeration of marine viruses in culture and natural samples by flow cytometry. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 4552.
  • [51]
    D. Vaulot (1989) CytoPC: processing software for flow cytometric data. Signal Noise 2 8
  • [52]
    Cottrell, M.T., Suttle, C.A. (1995) Dynamics of a lytic virus infecting the photosynthetic marine picoflagellate Micromonas pusilla. Limnol. Oceanogr. 40, 730739.
  • [53]
    Padan, E., Shilo, M., Oppenheim, A.B. (1972) Lysogeny of the blue-green alga Plectonema boryanum by LPP2-SPI cyanophage. Virology 47, 525526.
  • [54]
    Middelboe, M., Hagström, A., Blackburn, N., Sinn, B., Fisher, U., Borch, N.H., Pinhassi, J., Simu, K., Lorenz, M.G. (2001) Effects of bacteriophages on the population dynamics of four strains of pelagic marine bacteria. Microb. Ecol. 42, 395406.
  • [55]
    Wommack, K.E., Ravel, J., Hill, R.T., Chun, J., Colwell, R.R. (1999) Hybridization analysis of Chesapeake Bay virioplankton. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 241250.
  • [56]
    van Etten, J.L., Lane, L.C., Meints, R.H. (1991) Viruses and virus-like particles of eukaryotic algae. Microbiol. Rev. 55, 586620.
  • [57]
    Boelen, P., de Boer, M.K., Kraay, G.W., Veldhuis, M.J.W., Buma, A.G.J. (2000) UVBR-induced DNA damage in natural picoplankton assemblages in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 193, 19.
  • [58]
    Thyrhaug, R., Larsen, A., Brussaard, C.P.D., Bratbak, G. (2001) Cell cycle dependent virus production in marine phytoplankton. J. Phycol. 38, 338342.
  • [59]
    Lancelot, C., Billen, G., Sournia, A., Weisse, T., Colijn, F., Veldhuis, M.J.W., Davies, A., Wassmann, P. (1987) Phaeocytis blooms and nutrient enrichment in the continental coastal zones of the North Sea. Ambio 16, 3846.
  • [60]
    Ackelson, S., Balch, W.M., Holligan, P.M. (1988) White waters of the Gulf of Maine. Oceanography 1, 1822.
  • [61]
    Suttle, C.A. (2000) Ecological, evolutionary, and geochemical consequences of viral infection of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic algae. In: Viral Ecology, pp. 247–296. Academic Press, New York.
  • [62]
    Jacquet, S., Heldal, M., Iglesias-Rodriguez, D., Larsen, A., Wilson, W., Bratbak, G. (2002) Flow cytometric analysis of an Emiliania huxleyi bloom terminated by viral infection. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 27, 111124.
  • [63]
    Daugbjerg, N., Moestrup, O. (1993) Four new species of Pyramimonas (Prasinophyceae) from Arctic Canada including a light and electon microscopic description of Pyramimonas quadrifolia sp. nov. Eur. J. Phycol. 28, 316.