• [1]
    Goodnow, R.A. (1980) Biology of Bordetella bronchiseptica. Microbiol. Rev. 44, 722738.
  • [2]
    Musser, J.M., Hewlett, E.L., Peppler, M.S., Selander, R.K. (1986) Genetic diversity and relationships in populations of Bordetella spp. J. Bacteriol. 166, 230237.
  • [3]
    Gueirard, P., Weber, C., Lecoustumier, A., Guiso, N. (1995) Human Bordetella bronchiseptica infection related to contact with infected animals – persistence of bacteria in host. J. Clin. Microbiol. 33, 20022006.
  • [4]
    Gomez, L., Grazziutti, M., Sumoza, D., Beran, M., Rolston, K. (1998) Bacterial pneumonia due to Bordetella bronchiseptica in a patient with acute leukemia. Clin. Infect. Dis. 26, 10021003.
  • [5]
    de la Fuente, J.C., Albo, C., Rodriguez, B., Sopeno, B., Martinez, C. (1994) Bordetella bronchiseptica pneumonia in a patient with AIDS. Thorax 49, 719720.
  • [6]
    Woolfrey, B.F., Moody, J.A. (1991) Human infections associated with Bordetella bronchiseptica. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 4, 243255.
  • [7]
    Mattoo, S., Foreman-Wykert, A.K., Cotter, P.A., Miller, J.F. (2001) Mechanisms of Bordetella pathogenesis. Front Biosci. 6, 168186.
  • [8]
    Urisu, A., Cowell, J.L., Manclark, C.R. (1986) Filamentous hemagglutinin has a major role in mediating adherence of Bordetella pertussis to human WiDr cells. Infect. Immun. 52, 695701.
  • [9]
    Everest, P., Li, J., Douce, G., Charles, I., De Azavedo, J., Chatfield, S., Dougan, G., Roberts, M. (1996) Role of Bordetella pertussis P.69/pertactin protein and the P.69 RGD motif in adherence to and invasion of mammalian cells. Microbiology 142, 32613268.
  • [10]
    Savelkoul, P.H.M., Dekerf, D.P.G., Willems, R.J., Mooi, F.R., Vanderzeijst, B.A.M., Gaastra, W. (1996) Characterization of the fim2 and fim3 fimbrial subunit genes of Bordetella bronchiseptica: roles of Fim2 and Fim3 fimbriae and flagella in adhesion. Infect. Immun. 64, 50985105.
  • [11]
    Roop, R.D., Veit, H.P., Sinsky, R.J., Veit, S.P., Hewlett, E.L., Kornegay, E.T. (1987) Virulence factors of Bordetella bronchiseptica associated with the production of infectious atrophic rhinitis and pneumonia in experimentally infected neonatal swine. Infect. Immun. 55, 217222.
  • [12]
    Khelef, N., Guiso, N. (1995) Induction of macrophage apoptosis by Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase-hemolysin. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 134, 2732.
  • [13]
    Yuk, M.H., Harvill, E.T., Cotter, P.A., Miller, J.F. (2000) Modulation of host immune responses, indication of apoptosis and inhibition of NF-κB activation by the Bordetella type III secretion system. Mol. Microbiol. 35, 9911004.
  • [14]
    Arico, B., Scarlato, V., Monack, D.M., Falkow, S., Rappuoli, R. (1991) Structural and genetic analysis of the bvg locus in Bordetella species. Mol. Microbiol. 5, 24812491.
  • [15]
    Cotter, P.A. and Miller, J.F. (1995) BvgAS dependent phenotypic modulation of Bordetella species. In: Signal Transduction and Bacterial Virulence (Rappuoli, R., Scarlato, V. and Arico, B., Eds.), R.G. Landes, Austin, TX. pp. 22–42.
  • [16]
    Arico, B., Miller, J.F., Roy, C., Stibitz, S., Monack, D., Falkow, S., Gross, R., Rappuoli, R. (1989) Sequences required for expression of Bordetella pertussis virulence factors share homology with prokaryotic signal transduction proteins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86, 66716675.
  • [17]
    McMillan, D.J., Shojaei, M., Chhatwal, G.S., Guzman, C.A., Walker, M.J. (1996) Molecular analysis of the bvg-repressed urease of Bordetella bronchiseptica. Microb. Pathog. 21, 379394.
  • [18]
    Monack, D.M., Falkow, S. (1993) Cloning of Bordetella bronchiseptica urease genes and analysis of colonization by a urease-negative mutant strain in a guinea-pig model. Mol. Microbiol. 10, 545553.
  • [19]
    Akerley, B.J., Monack, D.M., Falkow, S., Miller, J.F. (1992) The bvgAS locus negatively controls motility and synthesis of flagella in Bordetella bronchiseptica. J. Bacteriol. 174, 980990.
  • [20]
    West, N.P., Fitter, J.T., Jakubzik, U., Rodhe, M., Guzman, C.A., Walker, M.J. (1997) Non-motile mini-transposon mutants of Bordetella bronchiseptica exhibit altered abilities to invade and survive in eukaryotic cells. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 146, 263269.
  • [21]
    Chhatwal, G.S., Walker, M.J., Yan, H.R., Timmis, K.N., Guzman, C.A. (1997) Temperature dependent expression of an acid phosphatase by Bordetella bronchiseptica: role in intracellular survival. Microb. Pathog. 22, 257264.
  • [22]
    Cotter, P.A., Miller, J.F. (1994) BvgAS-mediated signal transduction: analysis of phase-locked regulatory mutants of Bordetella bronchiseptica in a rabbit model. Infect. Immun. 62, 33813390.
  • [23]
    Dougan, G., Smith, L., Hefferon, F. (1989) Live bacterial vaccines and their applications as carriers for foreign antigens. Adv. Vet. Sci. Comp. Med. 33, 271300.
  • [24]
    Walker, R.I. (1994) New strategies for using mucosal vaccination to achieve more effective immunisation. Vaccine 12, 387400.
  • [25]
    Stainer, D., Scholte, M. (1971) A simple chemically defined medium for the production of phase I Bordetella pertussis. J. Gen. Microbiol. 63, 211220.
  • [26]
    Walker, M.J., Birch, R.G., Pemberton, J.M. (1988) Cloning and characterisation of an albicidin resistance gene from Klebsiella oxytoca. Mol. Microbiol. 2, 443454.
  • [27]
    Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd Edn. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.
  • [28]
    Maskell, D.J., Morrissey, P., Dougan, G. (1988) Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the aroA gene of Bordetella pertussis. J. Bacteriol. 170, 24672471.
  • [29]
    Smith, A.M., Walker, M.J. (1996) Transfer of a pertussis toxin expression locus to isogenic Bvg-positive and Bvg-negative strains of Bordetella bronchiseptica using an in vivo technique. Microb. Pathog. 20, 263273.
  • [30]
    Alexeyev, M.F., Shokolenko, I.N., Croughan, T.P. (1995) New mini-Tn5 derivatives for insertion mutagenesis and genetic engineering in Gram-negative bacteria. Can. J. Bacteriol. 41, 10531055.
  • [31]
    Guzman, C.A., Rohde, M., Bock, M., Timmis, K.N. (1994) Invasion and intracellular survival of Bordetella bronchiseptica in mouse dendritic cells. Infect. Immun. 62, 55285537.
  • [32]
    Medina, E., Talay, S.R., Chhatwal, G.S., Guzman, C.A. (1998) Fibronectin-binding protein I of Streptococcus pyogenes promotes T cell-independent proliferation of murine B lymphocytes and enhances the expression of MHC class II molecules on antigen-presenting cells. Int. Immunol. 10, 16571664.
  • [33]
    Xie, G., Bonner, C., Jensen, R. (1999) A probable mixed-function supraoperon in Pseudomonas exhibits gene organisation features of both intergenomic conservation and gene shuffling. J. Mol. Evol. 49, 108121.
  • [34]
    Griffin, H.G., Gasson, M.J. (1995) Genetic aspects of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis in Lactococcus lactis. Mol. Gen. Genet. 246, 119127.
  • [35]
    Aksoy, S., Squires, C.L., Squires, C. (1984) Translational coupling of the trpB and trpA genes in the Escherichia coli tryptophan operon. J. Bacteriol. 157, 363367.
  • [36]
    Nichols, B.P., Miozzari, G.F., Van Cleemput, M., Bennett, G.N., Yanofsky, C. (1980) Nucleotide sequences of the trpG regions of Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhimurium and Serratia marcescens. J. Mol. Biol. 142, 503517.
  • [37]
    Oppenheim, D.S., Yanofsky, C. (1980) Translation coupling during expression of the tryptophan operon of Escherichia coli. Genetics 95, 785795.
  • [38]
    Harvill, E.T., Cotter, P.A., Yuk, M.H., Miller, J.F. (1999) Probing the function of Bordetella bronchiseptica adenylate cyclase toxin by manipulating host immunity. Infect. Immun. 67, 14931500.
  • [39]
    Gueirard, P., Guiso, N. (1993) Virulence of Bordetella bronchiseptica– role of adenylate cyclase-hemolysin. Infect. Immun. 61, 40724078.
  • [40]
    Smith, I.M., Baskerville, A.J., Brothwell, E., Oliphant, J. (1982) Immunogenicity of killed Bordetella bronchiseptica vaccines in the mouse. Res. Vet. Sci. 32, 248252.
  • [41]
    Shimizu, T., Ishikawa, H. (1982) Some characteristics of a urease-negative, temperature-sensitive strain of Bordetella bronchiseptica as a live, attenuated vaccine. Infect. Immun. 36, 198201.
  • [42]
    Bey, R.F., Shade, F.J., Goodnow, R.A., Johnson, R.C. (1981) Intranasal vaccination of dogs with live, avirulent Bordetella bronchiseptica: correlation of serum agglutination titer and the formation of secretory IgA with protection against experimentally induced infectious tracheobronchitis. Am. J. Vet. Res. 42, 11301132.