• [1]
    Bock, A. and Sawers, G. (1996) Fermentation. In: Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium: Cellular and Molecular Biology, 2nd edn., pp. 262–282. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
  • [2]
    Andrews, S.C., Berks, B.C., McClay, J., Ambler, A., Quail, M.A., Golby, P., Guest, J.R. (1997) A 12-cistron Escherichia coli operon (hyf) encoding a putative proton-pumping formate hydrogenlyase system. Microbiology 143, 36333647.
  • [3]
    Skibinski, D.A.G., Golby, P., Chang, Y.S., Sargent, F., Hoffman, R., Harper, R., Guest, J.R., Attwood, M.M., Berks, B.C., Andrews, S.C. (2002) Regulation of the hydrogenase-4 operon of Escherichia coli by the σ54-dependent transcriptional activators FhlA and HyfR. J. Bacteriol. 184, 66426653.
  • [4]
    Menon, N.K., Chatelus, C.Y., Dervartanian, M., Wendt, J.C., Shanmugan, K.T., Peck, H.D., Przybyla, A.E. (1994) Cloning, sequencing, and mutational analyses of the hyb operon encoding Escherichia coli hydrogenase 2. J. Bacteriol. 172, 19691977.
  • [5]
    Sauter, M., Bohm, R., Bock, A. (1992) Mutational analysis of the operon (hyc) detrmining hydrogenase 3 formation in Escherichia coli. Mol. Microbiol. 6, 15231532.
  • [6]
    Lutz, S., Jacobi, A., Schlensog, V., Bohm, R., Sawers, G., Bock, A. (1991) Molecular characterization of an operon (hyp) necessary for the activity of the three hydrogenase isoenzymes in Escherichia coli. Mol. Microbiol. 5, 123135.
  • [7]
    Casalot, L., Rousset, M. (2001) Maturation of the [NiFe] hydrogenases. Trends Microbiol. 9, 228237.
  • [8]
    Patschkowski, T., Bates, D.M. and Kiley, P.J. (2000) Mechanisms for sensing and responding to oxygen deprivation. In: Bacterial Stress Responses, pp. 61–78. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
  • [9]
    Green, J., Scott, C., Guest, J.R. (2001) Functional versatility in CRP-FNR family of transcription factors: FNR and FLP. Adv. Microb. Physiol. 44, 134.
  • [10]
    Unden, G., Achebach, S., Holighaus, G., Tran, H.G., Wackwitz, B., Zeuner, Y. (2002) Control of FNR function of Escherichia coli by O2 and reducing conditions. J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 4, 263268.
  • [11]
    Kiley, P.J., Beinert, H. (2003) The role of Fe-S proteins in sensing and regulation in bacteria. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 6, 181185.
  • [12]
    Spiro, S., Guest, J.R. (1988) Inactivation of the FNR protein of Escherichia coli by targeted mutagenesis in the N-terminal region. Mol. Microbiol. 2, 701707.
  • [13]
    Lodge, J., Fear, J., Busby, S., Gunersekaran, P., Kamini, N.R. (1992) Broad host range plasmids carrying the Escherichia coli lactose and galactose operons. FEMS Micobiol. Lett. 95, 271276.
  • [14]
    Lennox, E.S. (1955) Transduction of linked genetic characters of host by bacteriophage P1. Virology 1, 190206.
  • [15]
    Miller, J.H. (1972) Assay of β-galactosidase. In: Experiments in Molecular Genetics, pp. 352–355. Cold Spring Habor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.
  • [16]
    Sambrook, J. and Russell, D.W. (2001) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 3rd edn. Cold Spring Habor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.
  • [17]
    Taylor, D.E., Brose, E.C. (1988) Modified Birnboim-Doly method for rapid detection of plasmid copy number. Nucleic Acids Res. 16 9056.
  • [18]
    Meng, W., Green, J., Guest, J.R. (1997) FNR-dependent repression of ndh gene expression requires two upstream FNR-binding sites. Microbiology 143, 15211532.
  • [19]
    Kiley, P.J., Rezinikoff, W.S. (1991) Fnr mutants that activate gene expression in the presence of oxygen. J. Bacteriol. 173, 1622.
  • [20]
    Scott, S., Busby, S., Beacham, I. (1995) Transcriptional co-activation at the ansB promoters: involvement of the activating regions of CRP and FNR when bound in tandem. Mol. Microbiol. 18, 521531.
  • [21]
    Green, J., Baldwin, M.L., Richardson, J. (1998) Downregulation of Escherichia coli yfiD expression by FNR occupying a site at −93.5 involves the AR1-containing face of FNR. Mol. Microbiol. 29, 11131123.
  • [22]
    Green, J., Marshall, F.A. (1999) Identification of a surface of FNR overlapping activating region 1 that is required for repression of gene expression. J. Biol. Chem. 274, 1024410248.
  • [23]
    Marshall, F.A., Messenger, S.L., Wyborn, N.R., Guest, J.R., Wing, H., Busby, S.J.W., Green, J. (2001) A novel promoter architecture for microaerobic activation by the anaerobic transcription factor FNR. Mol. Microbiol. 39, 747753.
  • [24]
    Belyaeva, T.A., Rhodius, V.A., Webster, C.L., Busby, S.J.W. (1998) Transcription activation at promoters carrying tandem DNA sites for the Escherichia coli cyclic AMP receptor protein: organisation of the RNA polymerase α subunits. J. Mol. Biol. 277, 789804.
  • [25]
    Tebbut, J., Rhodius, V.A., Webster, C.L., Busby, S.J.W. (2002) Architectural requirements for optimal activation by tandem CRP molecules at a class I CRP-dependent promoter. FEMS Lett. 210, 5560.
  • [26]
    Browning, D., Cole, J., Busby, S. (2000) Suppression of FNR-dependent transcription activation at the Escherichia coli nir promoter by Fis, IHF and H-NS: modulation of transcription initiation by a complex nucleo-protein assembly. Mol. Microbiol. 37, 12581269.
  • [27]
    Browning, D., Lee, D., Green, J. and Busby, S. (2002) Secrets of bacterial transcription initiation taught by the Escherichia coli FNR protein. In: Signals, Switches, Regulons and Cascades, pp. 127–142. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • [28]
    Melville, S., Gunsalus, R.P. (1996) Isolation of an oxygen-sensitive FNR protein of Escherichia coli: interaction at activator and repressor sites of FNR-controlled genes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA 93, 12261231.
  • [29]
    Eichler, K., Buchet, A., Lemke, R., Kleber, H.P., Mandrand-Berthelot, A.M. (1996) Identification and characterization of the caiF gene encoding a potential transcriptional activator of carnitine metabolism in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 178, 12481257.