• [1]
    Drobniewski, F.A. (1993) Bacillus cereus and related species. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 6, 324338.
  • [2]
    Girisch, M., Ries, M., Zenker, M., Carbon, R., Rauch, R., Hofbeck, M. (2003) Intestinal perforations in a premature infant caused by Bacillus cereus. Infection 31, 192193.
  • [3]
    Granum, P.E. (1994) Bacillus cereus and its toxins. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 23 (Symp. Suppl.), 61S66S.
  • [4]
    Agata, N., Ohta, M., Mori, M., Isobe, M. (1995) A novel dodecadepsipeptide, cereulide, is an emetic toxin of Bacillus cereus. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 129, 1720.
  • [5]
    Granum, P.E. (2001) Bacillus cereus. In: Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers (Doyle, M.P. et al., Eds.), pp. 373–381. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
  • [6]
    Shinagawa, K., Konuma, H., Sekita, H., Sugii, S. (1995) Emesis of rhesus monkeys induced by intragastric administration with the HEp-2 vacuolation factor (cereulide) produced by Bacillus cereus. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 130, 8790.
  • [7]
    Mikkola, R., Saris, N.E., Grigoriev, P.A., Andersson, M.A., Salkinoja-Salonen, M.S. (1999) Ionophoretic properties and mitochondrial effects of cereulide: the emetic toxin of B. cereus. Eur. J. Biochem. 263, 112117.
  • [8]
    Mahler, H., Pasi, A., Kramer, J.M., Schulte, P., Scoging, A.C., Bär, W., Krähenbühl, S. (1997) Fulminant liver failure in association with the emetic toxin of Bacillus cereus. New Engl. J. Med. 336, 11421148.
  • [9]
    Paananen, A., Mikkola, R., Sareneva, T., Matikainen, S., Hess, M., Andersson, M., Julkunen, I., Salkinoja-Salonen, M.S., Timonen, T. (2002) Inhibition of human natural killer cell activity by cereulide, an emetic toxin from Bacillus cereus. Clin. Exp. Immunol. 129, 420428.
  • [10]
    Aas, N., Gondrosen, B. and Langeland, G. (1992) Norwegian Food Authorities Report on Food Associated Diseases in 1990. SNT Report 3, Oslo.
  • [11]
    Schmidt, K. and Tirado, C. (2001) WHO Surveillance Program for Control of Foodborne Infections and Intoxications in Europe (Seventh report 1993–1998), p. 110. WHO, Berlin.
  • [12]
    Kleer, J., Bartholomä, A., Levetzow, R., Reiche, T., Sinell, H.J., Teufel, P. (2001) Bakterielle Lebensmittel-Infektionen und -Intoxikationen in Einrichtungen zur Gemeinschaftsverpflegung 1985 bis 2000. Arch. Lebensm.hyg. 52, 73112.
  • [13]
    Hall, J.A., Goulding, J.S., Bean, N.H., Tauxe, R.V., Hedberg, C.W. (2001) Epidemiologic profiling: evaluating foodborne outbreaks for which no pathogen was isolated by routine laboratory testing: United States, 1982–9. Epidemiol. Infect. 127, 381387.
  • [14]
    Kramer, J.M. and Gilbert, R.J. (1989) Bacillus cereus and other Bacillus species. In: Food Borne Bacterial Pathogens (Doyle, M.P., Ed.), pp. 21–70. Marcel Dekker, New York.
  • [15]
    Lund, T., De Buyser, M.L., Granum, P.E. (2000) A new cytotoxin from Bacillus cereus that may cause necrotic enteritis. Mol. Microbiol. 38, 254261.
  • [16]
    National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (1999) Molecular Diagnostic Methods for Infectious Diseases. Approved Guideline MM3-A. NCCLS, Wayne, PA.
  • [17]
    Guinebretiere, M.H., Broussolle, V., Nguyen-The, C. (2002) Enterotoxigenic profiles of food-poisoning and food-borne Bacillus cereus strains. J. Clin. Microbiol. 40, 30533056.
  • [18]
    Hansen, B.M., Hendriksen, N.B. (2001) Detection of enterotoxic Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis strains by PCR analysis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67, 185189.
  • [19]
    Prüß, B.M., Dietrich, R., Nibler, B., Märtlbauer, E., Scherer, S. (1999) The hemolytic enterotoxin HBL is broadly distributed among species of the Bacillus cereus group. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 54365442.
  • [20]
    Andersson, M., Mikkola, R., Helin, J., Andersson, M.C., Salkinoja-Salonen, M. (1998) A novel sensitive bioassay for detection of B. cereus emetic toxin and related depsipeptide ionophores. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64, 13381343.
  • [21]
    Schulz, A. (2004) Zum Nachweis der emetischen Toxine von Bacillus cereus. PhD Dissertation, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich.
  • [22]
    Ehling-Schulz, M., Svensson, B., Guinebretiere, M.-H., Lindbäck, T., Andersson, M., Schulz, A., Christiansson, A., Granum, P.E., Märtlbauer, E., Nyguyen-The, C., Salkinoja-Salonen, M.S. and Scherer, S., Emetic toxin formation of Bacillus cereus is restricted to a single evolutionary lineage of closely related strains. Submitted.
  • [23]
    Carnio, M., Stachelhaus, S.T., Francis, K.P., Scherer, S. (2001) Pyridinyl polythiazole class peptide antibiotic micrococcin P1, secreted by foodborne Staphylococcus equorum WS2733, is biosynthesized nonribosomally. Eur. J. Biochem. 268, 63906400.
  • [24]
    Marahiel, M.A., Stachelhaus, T., Mootz, H.D. (1997) Modular peptide synthetases involved in nonribosomal peptide synthesis. Chem. Rev. 97, 26512673.
  • [25]
    Altschul, S.F., Gish, W., Miller, W., Myers, E.W., Lipman, D.J. (1990) Basic local alignment search tool. J. Mol. Biol. 215, 403410.
  • [26]
    Southern, E.M. (1975) Detection of specific sequences among DNA fragments separated by gel electrophoresis. J. Mol. Biol. 98, 742744.
  • [27]
    Martineau, F., Picard, F.J., Roy, P.H., Ouellette, M., Bergeron, M.G. (1996) Species-specific and ubiquitous DNA-based assays for rapid identification of Staphylococcus epidermidis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 34, 28882893.
  • [28]
    Stackebrandt, E. and Liesack, W. (1992) The potential of rDNA in identification and diagnostics. In: Nonradioactive Labeling and Detection of Biomolecules (Kessler, C., Ed.), pp. 232–239. Berlin, Springer.
  • [29]
    Stachelhaus, T., Marahiel, M.A. (1995) Modular structure of genes encoding multifunctional peptide synthetases required for non-ribosomal peptide synthesis. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 125, 314.
  • [30]
    Finlay, W.J., Logan, N.A., Sutherland, A.D. (1999) Semiautomated metabolic staining assay for Bacillus cereus emetic toxin. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 18111812.
  • [31]
    Häggblom, M.M., Apetroaie, C., Andersson, M.A., Salkinoja-Salonen, M.S. (2002) Quantitative analysis of cereulide, the emetic toxin of Bacillus cereus, produced under various conditions. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68, 24792483.
  • [32]
    Martineau, F., Picard, J.P., Danbing, K., Paradis, S., Roy, P.H., Ouellette, M., Bergeron, M.G. (2001) Development of a PCR assay for identification of staphylococci at genus and species level. J. Clin. Microbiol. 39, 25412547.
  • [33]
    Saruta, K., Hoshina, S., Machida, K. (1995) Genetic identification of Staphylococcus aureus by polymerase chain reaction using single-base-pair mismatch in 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Microbiol. Immunol. 39, 839844.