• 1
    Altman RD, Asch E, Bloch D, Bole G, Borenstein D, Brandt K. et al. Development of criteria for the classification and reporting of osteoarthritis. Classification of osteoarthritis of the knee. Diagnostic and Therapeutic Criteria Committee of the American Rheumatism Association. Arthritis Rheum 1986; 29: 103949.
  • 2
    Altman RD, Hochberg M, Murphy Jr. WA, Wolfe F, Lequesne M. Atlas of individual radiographic features in osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1995; 3: 370.
  • 3
    Andrews M, Noyes FR, Hewett TE, Andriacchi TP. Lower limb alignment and foot angle are related to stance phase knee adduction in normal subjects: a critical analysis of the reliability of gait analysis data. J Orthop Res 1996; 14: 28995.
  • 4
    Andriacchi TP, Natarajan RN, Hurwitz DE Musculo-skeletal dynamic locomotion and clinical applications. New York: Raven Press; 1997. p. 3769.
  • 5
    Andriacchi TP, Strickland AB Lower limb kinetics applied to the study of normal and abnormal walking. Dordrecht: Martiunus Nijhoff; 1985. p. 83102.
  • 6
    Baliunas A, Ryals AR, Hurwitz DE, Kerrar A, Andriacchi TP. Gait adaptations associated with early radiographic tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis. In: 46th Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society; 2000. p. 260.
  • 7
    Bryan JM, Hurwitz DE, Bach BR, Bittar T, Andriacchi TP. A predictive model of outcome in high tibial osteotomy. Trans ORS 1997; 718.
  • 8
    Frost H. Perspectives: a biomechanical model of the pathogenesis of arthroses. Anat Rec 1994; 240: 1931.
  • 9
    Goh JC, Bose K, Khoo BC. Gait analysis study on patients with varus osteoarthrosis of the knee. Clin Orthop 1993; 22331.
  • 10
    Harrington IJ. Static and dynamic loading patterns in knee joints with deformities. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 1983; 65: 24759.
  • 11
    Hilding MB, Lanshammar H, Ryd L. A relationship between dynamic and static assessments of knee joint load. Gait analysis and radiography before and after knee replacement in 45 patients. Acta Orthop Scand 1995; 66: 31720.
  • 12
    Hurwitz DE, Ryals AR, Block JA, Sharma L, Schnitzer TJ, Andriacchi TP. Knee pain and joint loading in subjects with knee osteoarthritis. J Orthop Res 2000; 18: 5729.
  • 13
    Hurwitz DE, Sumner DR, Andriacchi TP, Sugar DA. Dynamic knee loads during gait predict proximal tibial bone distribution. J Biomech 1998; 31: 42330.
  • 14
    Kellgren JH, Lawrence JS. Atlas of standard radiographs. Department of Rheumatology and Medical Illustrations, University of Manchester, Blackwell, Oxford; 1963.
  • 15
    Moreland JR, Bassett LW, Hanker GJ. Radiographic analysis of the axial alignment of the lower extremity. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 1987; 69: 7459.
  • 16
    Prodromos CC, Andriacchi TP, Galante JO. A relationship between gait and clinical changes following high tibial osteotomy. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 1985; 67: 118894.
  • 17
    Radin EL, Burr DB, Caterson B, Fyhrie D, Brown TD, Boyd RD. Mechanical determinants of osteoarthrosis. Semin Arthritis Rheum 1991; 21: 1221.
  • 18
    Schipplein OD, Andriacchi TP. Interaction between active and passive knee stabilizers during level walking. J Orthop Res 1991; 9: 1139.
  • 19
    Schnitzer TJ, Popovich JM, Andersson GB, Andriacchi TP. Effect of piroxicam on gait in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis Rheum 1993; 36: 120713.
  • 20
    Sharma L, Hurwitz DE, Thonar EJ, Sum JA, Lenz ME, Dunlop DD. et al. Knee adduction moment, serum hyaluronan level, and disease severity in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1998; 41: 123340.
  • 21
    Wang JW, Kuo KN, Andriacchi TP, Galante JO. The influence of walking mechanics and time on the results of proximal tibial osteotomy. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 1990; 72: 9059.
  • 22
    Weidenhielm L, Svensson OK, Brostrom LA, Mattsson E. Adduction moment of the knee compared to radiological and clinical parameters in moderate medical osteoarthrosis of the knee. Ann Chir Gynaecol 1994; 83: 23642.